A NAFO tweet from “Terror Alarm” decided to ascribe the Holocaust to the Russians! That’s a new level of impunity in history rewriting, seeing as it was the Red Army that liberated all the German Nazi concentration camps east of the river Elbe, where millions of people, – among them, Jews – were held and killed.
It was only a matter of time before Russia would be again blamed for “pogroms”, so I started translating the article below, addressing this historical half-truth. And in the process, a certain other NAFO twitter channel, Visegrad24, did not fail to deliver an expected accusation, though in such a way, that it debunks itself, and ties in nicely with the fourtt myth, discussed of the article below. I will thus include the screenshot of it after the translation. UPDATE: Later on the same day, after the West-instigated events in Dagestan, a Swedish newspaper DN came out with an atricle that opens with a direct use of the third myth; this will also be addressed after the translation.
Before we proceed to the article, there is one thing to bear in mind. The Russian word “pogrom” means “destruction of property”, “looting”. It does not immediately imply murder, let alone on ethnic grounds, but the clashes that did happen, sadly resulted in a certain number of deaths.
The article was published on Dzen on the 26th of January 2021.
The so-called Jewish pogroms swept through many cities of the Russian Empire in 1905-1906. Some of such cases have occurred before, for example, in 1881, in 1903 (pogroms in Chisinau and Gomel). But as a mass phenomenon, they unfolded during the 1905 revolution. Most of them occurred in the second half of October (old style), but some outbreaks were noted in 1906.
In the historical literature, there are many myths associated with Jewish pogroms in the Russian Empire.
Myth one: The pogroms were a mass murder of the defenseless peaceful Jewish population
The liberal historian S.A. Stepanov, who carefully analysed the documents of the tsarist police related to the Jewish pogroms, discovered an amazing thing, but only at the first glance. Jews constituted a minority of those killed in the Jewish pogroms. Of the 1622 people who died in the October 1905 pogroms, there were 711 Jews, that is – 43%. Of the 3544 people wounded during the pogroms, Jews accounted for 1207, that is – 34% (“The Black Hundred in Russia (1905-1914).” St. Petersburg, 1992).
The fact that the so-called pogroms were a bilateral armed clash is clearly evidenced by the memories of the party, canonically seen as the victim.
So, Isaac Babel writes about the Jewish pogrom of October 1905 in Odessa:
“The Jews were beaten on Bolshaya Arnautskaya… Then our people took out a machine gun and began to pour [bullets] on the Sloboda thugs.”
“The Kishinev (Chisinau) pogrom showed the Jews that they cannot count on the state, and in the Gomel pogrom that came next, we are already encountering a properly organized Jewish self-defence. The pogrom was started by the workers who came out of the railway workshops. Jewish self-defence came running to the scene of the action. With its shots, the crowd of rioters was dispersed.”
It would be absurd to think that in a country with a free sale of firearms (Russia was just such a country before 1917), Jews, among whom there were many armed revolutionaries, would not be able to quickly organize self-defence against thugs.
Myth two: the pogroms were organized by the “Black Hundred”
The “Black Hundred” could not have been involved in the pogroms of 1881 and 1903, because it simply did not exist at that time. In October of 1905, contrary to popular myth, the “Black Hundred” did not yet exist. The first “Black Hundred” organization, the Union of the Russian People, was established at its first congress only on the 8th of November 1905. And almost all the pogroms occurred in the second half of October of 1905. In the spring of 1906, Jewish pogroms took place in the cities of Russian Poland — Bialystok and Siedlce. But there were no “black Hundred” organizations there.
On the contrary, the “Black Hundred” was a favourite object of terror for revolutionary organizations. The then little-known leader of Bolshevism, Ulyanov-Lenin, in his article “Tasks of the detachments of the Revolutionary Army” (3rd of October 1905, even before the pogroms) called for:
“The struggle against the “Black Hundreds” is an excellent military action that gives both the training to the soldiers of the revolutionary army, the baptism of fire to them, and brings enormous benefits to the revolution. The detachments of the revolutionary army should immediately study who, where and how constitutes the “Black Hundreds”, and then not be limited to sermon only, but also act with armed force, beating the “Black Hundreds”, killing them, blowing up their headquarters, etc., etc.”
And these appeals did not remain unheeded. Bombs were detonated in “Black Hundred” tea houses, and both Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, Social Revolutionaries, and Anarchists shot at monarchical processions from around the corners. They trained to “conduct a revolution” on unarmed people.
Myth three: pogroms were organized by the tsarist police
It is absurd to imagine such a state that, for some political purposes, would arrange mass violations of public order. The facts show that the authorities of the Russian Empire from the very start waged a merciless battle against pogroms.
Back in 1881, after the first pogroms in Ukraine, a new article was included in the “Code of Punishments”, which provided for punishment for “the attack of one part of the population on another”. For a crime under this article, depending on the severity, a penalty was imposed up to the death penalty.
The Extraordinary Commission of Inquiry of the Provisional Government, which investigated the “crimes of the old regime” and worked from March to October 1917, did not find any evidence in the documents of the tsarist police that the latter was somehow involved in the organization of pogroms.
Myth four: the Russian people are to blame for the pogroms
All the pogroms took place in the so-called “pale of settlement”, where Jews were allowed to settle in the Russian Empire. The eastern border of the pale of settlement ran along the eastern border of the provinces that became part of Russia from the second half of the XVII century. Pogroms took place in Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, the Baltic States, Poland. There were no pogroms in any Russian city proper.
The Russian people are absolutely not involved in the Jewish pogroms.
Source: Vadim Valerianovich Kozhinov. Russia. Century XX (1901-1937). Moscow, 1999.
End of the article.
And now, having read the above, behold the “ingenious” tweet from Videgrad24 that tries to shift blame on the Russians, using the fourth myth. Ingeneral, one can note a certain pattern in how the Western propaganda works as of late: in case of something negative – blame the Russians; in case of some achievement – give the praise to specific nationalites.
Following the Ukrkainian CIPSO and CIA instigated events in Dagestan, a Swedish newspaper DN published on the 30th of September, a veritable propaganda hit piece on Russia under the title «Kremlin has itself created problems in Dagestan», opening it with a direct usage of the third myth, discussed in the above translation. The highlighted text reads: «Pogroms against the Jews have always been a part of the operation mode of the Russian Empire.»